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Shabu-shabu, Sukiyaki, Hot Pot: The Differences, Recipes, And More

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Shabu-shabu is a delicious Japanese dish of thin slices of meat or fish, cooked quickly in hot broth, along with vegetables, tofu, and noodles. This complete guide covers the differences between sukiyaki and shabu-shabu, a recipe, recommended restaurants in Japan, and typical hot pot ingredients.

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All About Shabu-shabu: Where and How to Enjoy Japanese Hot Pot Cuisine

shabu-shabu in japan

Photo by Pixta
Shabu-shabu is a Japanese hotpot dish said to have originated from Chinese hotpot cuisine. The current form of shabu-shabu in Japan was developed in 1952 at Eiraku-cho Suehiro Honten, a restaurant in Osaka.

In shabu-shabu, thinly sliced beef is briefly dipped in a pot of seasoned broth. This is just long enough to cook it. After, the beef is dipped in a condiment, such as a ponzu (citrus) sauce or sesame sauce, and eaten. Variations like pork shabu-shabu and seafood shabu-shabu are also common, and vegetables are also often part of the meal.

The Difference between Shabu-shabu and Sukiyaki

Sukiyaki Versus Shabu Shabu: The Differences, Ingredients, And More

Fans of Japanese food may be wondering now if we are not also referring to sukiyaki, another staple hot pot cuisine in Japan. Shabu-shabu and sukiyaki are two similar dishes. 

Sukiyaki is an original Japanese hotpot dish also containing thinly sliced beef, which is cooked in a shallow pan. It usually contains shirataki (konyaku potato starch) noodles, green onions, mushrooms, carrots, and other vegetables, which are simmered in a salty-sweet sauce. The ingredients are then dipped in a separate dish containing a scrambled raw egg, and then eaten.

While shabu-shabu and sukiyaki are similar, as both are hotpot dishes featuring thin slices of beef, and similar vegetables, they differ in that the meat in sukiyaki is meant to be fully cooked - either by first grilling it or by allowing it to boil in the sauce. The meat in shabu-shabu is essentially parboiled in the hot stock or sauce and isn't typically eaten with eggs or a soy sauce-based sauce.

Continue reading for a basic guide on how to enjoy shabu-shabu, great restaurants in Japan with Halal and vegetarian options, common ingredients, and other details on this dish.

Table Of Contents:

1. How To Cook and Eat Shabu-shabu
2. Recommended Shabu-shabu Restaurants
3. Types of Shabu-shabu
4. Common Shabu-shabu Ingredients and Sauces
5. Shabu-shabu Recipes

How to Cook and Eat Shabu-Shabu

At shabu-shabu restaurants, customers cook the meal themselves by dipping the ingredients in the soup. We’ll explain how to cook shabu-shabu to help first-timers who might otherwise be confused.

complete shabu-shabu

1. Heat Up the Soup

The first step is to heat up the soup. Turn on the burner and bring the soup to a gentle simmer, but don’t allow the soup to start boiling. The waiter or waitress will often do this for you at many restaurants.

2. Take a Slice With Your Chopsticks and Swirl It Around in the Soup

Once the broth is hot enough (simmering), dip a piece of meat in the soup to cook it. Pick up a slice with your chopsticks, get a good grip, and swish it through the soup carefully.

Lightly swish the meat from side to side. The onomatopoeic sound of the meat being swirled around is “shabu-shabu” in Japanese, which is one explanation for this dish's name. If you cook the meat for too long, it will toughen up, so take it out of the soup soon after it changes color.

3. Dip It and Eat!

Ponzu and sesame sauces are considered standard, but there are no strict rules about dipping sauces. Many different varieties will be offered by restaurants, so you can enjoy different flavors.

How to Cook Other Ingredients

For vegetables like cabbage, negi green onion, mushrooms, tofu, and noodles, drop them in the pot and pull them out when they’ve cooked through. Don’t put everything in at once; gradually add the other ingredients in as you eat so you can enjoy the meal at a leisurely pace. 

If you are cooking yuba (tofu skin) or mochi, be aware that these ingredients cook quickly, like the meat slices. Swish them around as mentioned above.

Some scum will bubble to the surface after you put meat into the soup. Carefully skim it off with a netted spoon so you can enjoy the shabu-shabu to the very end. It’s particularly noticeable with beef, so take special care when you’re putting beef into the pot.

This is the standard way to eat shabu-shabu.

Recommended Shabu-shabu Restaurants

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Shabusen has English, Chinese and Thai menus available, and serves exceptional ramen to add to the nabe pot at end of the meal.


Nabe-zo is a chain restaurant that specializes in all-you-can-eat shabu-shabu and sukiyaki courses. English menus are available. Customers can have chicken shabu-shabu, as well as the slightly more unusual beef tongue shabu-shabu. Read the official page for more.

Eiraku-cho Suehiro Honten

Eiraku-cho Suehiro is the restaurant known for innovating shabu-shabu around 60 years ago. Eiraku-cho carefully selects Wagyu beef cuts for its dishes. The elegantly charming building has private rooms for customers to unwind, and also serves lunch. Located in Osaka, it is a special, one-of-a-kind culinary destination.

Shabu-shabu Onyasai

Enjoy all the shabu-shabu you can eat at a reasonable price (ranging from around 3,000 to 5,000 yen per person) at Onyasai. This is a chain restaurant with many locations throughout Tokyo and Japan. The menu features a variety of soups and sauces for shabu-shabu, so customers can savor different flavors.

Halal-Friendly Shabu-shabu At Shabushabu Nagomi

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Halal Wagyu Shabushabu Nagomi is a shabu-shabu restaurant in Asakusa offering various courses of Japanese beef varieties as well as vegetable-only shabu-shabu. It is certified as halal and is located conveniently near major sightseeing. Prices range from around 7,000 yen to 19,000 yen, depending on the

Types of Shabu-shabu


This is the standard for most shabu-shabu recipes, and there are many high-class restaurants serve carefully-chosen, domestic Japanese beef cuts such as wagyu.


Pork shabu-shabu, also known as ton-shabu, is on most menus at shabu-shabu restaurants. The taste of pork pairs perfectly with ponzu or sesame sauce.


There are plenty of places where you can enjoy chicken shabu-shabu, which is light on the stomach compared to other meats.

Shabu-shabu Without Meat

Recipes that don’t feature beef, pork, or chicken are also commonly available at shabu-shabu restaurants. Some can even be vegetarian and vegan, depending on the broth.

1. Vegetable Shabu-shabu

complete shabu-shabu

Vegetables are mainly simmered in shabu-shabu recipes, but some vegetables like daikon radishes, carrots and lettuce are delicious when they are treated like meat and quickly swished around in the pot. When served, lettuce leaves are cut to the same size as meat, while carrots and radishes are peeled and sliced very thinly. Some restaurants, like Shangri La's Secret have vegan and vegetarian broths and shabu-shabu courses available.

2. Seafood Shabu-shabu

complete shabu-shabu

Restaurants will cut fish for shabu-shabu even thinner than slices of sashimi. Some varieties include amberjack, rudderfish, and sea bream. Sometimes there will be rarer seafood items, like crab and octopus, available on the menu.

How To Eat Seafood Shabu-shabu

Eat seafood shabu-shabu just like meat, by gripping a slice of fish with your chopsticks and lightly swirling it around in the soup. Cook it to your preferred level of doneness. The fish should be fresh enough to be served as sashimi, so once the surface changes color, you can eat it. We recommend cooking fish only until it is rare.

Shabu-Shabu Ingredients

For all-you-can-eat shabu-shabu courses, you can often order an unlimited amount of side vegetables, tofu, and noodles. Below are some common ingredients that taste great in hot pot.

1. Chinese Cabbage

Chinese cabbage’s delicious sweetness really comes out when heated. It’s a vital vegetable for any shabu-shabu pot.

2. Onions

When cooked down until soft, thick white onions taste rich and delicious, while sweet green onions have a satisfying snap to them.

3. Mizuna (Japanese Mustard Greens)

Mizuna greens retain their crisp and delicious texture even when cooked.

4. Various Mushrooms

Mushrooms add depth to the broth’s flavor and make it even tastier, and they also absorb some of the broth, making them delicious in their own right. People often use varieties like enoki, shimeji, shiitake, and eringi in shabu-shabu.

5. Tofu

Warm tofu adds a mildness to shabu-shabu and is an indispensable ingredient.

6. Nira (Garlic Chives)

This vegetable, which has a similar aroma to garlic, is a stamina booster. It softens easily, so it’s ready to eat as soon as it goes limp in your chopsticks.

7. Kuzukiri (Arrowroot Noodles) and Maroni (Potato Starch Noodles)

These are starchy noodles that turn transparent when cooked, eaten with dipping sauce. They have a characteristic slipperiness. If cooked for too long, they will disintegrate, so be careful.

8. Mochi Slices

These thin slices of mochi cook very quickly, so be careful not to let them get too soft.

Dipping Sauce Varieties

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1. Ponzu Sauce

Ponzu dipping sauce is made from dashi, soy sauce, and juice from citrus fruits. Its slightly-acidic aroma is sure to stir up the appetite. It’s well-suited to seafood shabu-shabu, but naturally, it goes with meat and vegetables too.

2. Oroshidare Sauce

This combination of ponzu and grated daikon radish is also suited for seafood shabu-shabu.

3. Soy Ginger Sauce

This spicy combination of soy sauce and grated ginger goes perfectly with both meat and fish.

4. Sesame Sauce

This blend of sesame paste and dashi soy sauce really draws out the sweetness of vegetables.

5. Miso Sesame Sauce

Made of miso paste dissolved in sesame sauce, this goes best with pork.

6. Plum Sauce

Made from shredded plums, this goes great with vegetables and lends a lightness to otherwise greasy meats like pork. You won’t be able to get enough of its sour flavors.

7. Other Condiments and Ingredients

Feel free to add grated onion, garlic, chili oil and other condiments to your dipping sauce to suit your preferences.

End Shabu-shabu with Noodles or Rice

complete shabu-shabu

After eating all the meat and vegetables, the soup will still be left in the pot, full of the flavors the other ingredients have left behind. This leftover soup is used as the base for various dishes called “shime,” which means “the end of the meal.” Below are some ways you can enjoy shine using rice, ramen, and udon.

1. Ojiya

A type of rice porridge, ojiya is made by adding rice to the soup and bringing it to a boil. Other delicious possible additions include beaten egg and cheese.

2. Ramen

Japan’s most popular noodle dish, ramen is a staple, as it goes well with any type of broth.

3. Udon

Udon noodles are exceptional for their ability to absorb soup, and we particularly recommend hearty udon noodles when eating shabu-shabu in the winter.

Shabu-shabu Recipes

complete shabu-shabu

Making shabu-shabu at home or in Japan is simple, and does not require much work on the part of the chef. The three things you need are ingredients for the pot, dashi soup, and dipping sauce. Get these things ready and you’ll be almost done with the preparation.

How to Make Shabu-shabu Soup

If you’re making kombu (kelp) dashi broth, which is suitable for vegetarians and vegans, put a piece of kombu in an earthenware pot or shabu-shabu filled with water. Bring the water to a boil to draw out the dashi flavor. Take out the kombu right before the water reaches its boiling point.

Where to Buy Shabu-shabu Ingredients

Shabu-shabu usually features slices of beef or pork, while seafood variations use slices of amberjack or rudderfish, cut even thinner than sashimi. Japanese supermarkets also sell all-in-one shabu-shabu ingredient packs, which contain all sorts of other ingredients, including Chinese cabbage, onions, lettuce, mushrooms (shiitake, enoki, and shimeji are delicious), and tofu.

What Type of Dipping Sauce to Use for Shabu-Shabu

Used along with condiments (such as onion, grated radish, and grated chili peppers), ponzu and sesame are two common dipping sauce flavors (known as "tare" in Japanese). These can also be purchased at supermarkets in Japan.


What is the difference between shabu shabu and sukiyaki?

Shabu shabu involves swishing thinly sliced meat and veggies in boiling water or broth, while sukiyaki simmers thinly sliced beef in a sweet soy sauce-based broth with vegetables. Shabu shabu features a dipping sauce, while sukiyaki is known for a rich, sweet flavor.

What are the 2 types of sukiyaki?

Sukiyaki generally comes in two main styles: Kansai-style (Kanto-style) and Kanto-style (Kansai-style). The Kansai version is seasoned with soy sauce, sugar, and mirin, creating a savory-sweet taste as the ingredients simmer in a sweet broth. In contrast, the Kanto style involves searing the beef and vegetables before adding a broth made from soy sauce, sugar, and dashi, resulting in a subtly different flavor profile. These variations demonstrate regional differences in sukiyaki preparation, particularly in seasoning techniques and cooking methods.

Is Japanese sukiyaki healthy?

Japanese sukiyaki can be a healthy dish when prepared with lean meats, abundant vegetables, and balanced seasonings. Incorporating lean cuts of meat such as sirloin, a variety of vegetables like mushrooms and tofu, and a broth that is lighter or soy sauce-based can make sukiyaki a good source of protein, fiber, vitamins, and minerals. The key to maintaining its healthfulness lies in mindful ingredient choices, moderation in portion sizes, and being conscious of additional condiments and sugars added during preparation.

What's the difference between shabu shabu and hot pot?

Shabu shabu is a Japanese hot pot where thinly sliced beef and vegetables are briefly cooked in boiling water or broth, emphasizing quality ingredients and delicate flavors, often served with dipping sauces. Hot pot, a broader term, includes various Asian styles where ingredients are cooked in a shared pot of simmering broth, with regional variations like Chinese Sichuan hot pot and Taiwanese hot pot, offering diverse ingredients and seasonings for communal dining.

Can I use shabu shabu meat for sukiyaki?

Yes, you can typically use shabu shabu meat for sukiyaki. Shabu shabu meat, usually thinly sliced high-quality beef, is well-suited for sukiyaki as both dishes involve thinly sliced meat cooked in a similar manner. The key difference is the flavor profile and seasoning used in sukiyaki, which often includes a sweet soy sauce-based broth. When using shabu shabu meat for sukiyaki, you may want to adjust the seasonings to match the sukiyaki style, ensuring a delicious and authentic taste for your dish.

What is the Japanese version of hot pot?

The Japanese version of hot pot is typically called "nabe" (鍋), which refers to a variety of hot pot dishes in Japan. Nabe is a traditional Japanese winter dish where various ingredients like vegetables, meat, seafood, and tofu are simmered together in a broth at the table. There are different types of nabe based on the region and the ingredients used, such as sukiyaki, shabu shabu, yosenabe, and chanko nabe. Each variation offers a unique flavor profile and cooking experience, making nabe a popular and diverse hot pot tradition in Japan.

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