Translated by Takuya Erik Watanabe
Japanese Encyclopedia: Momijigari ("Admiring Autumn Leaves")
Japan in the fall is all about those beautiful autumn leaves. Admiring autumn leaves in the mountains or in public parks is called "momijigari" in Japanese.
Written by ニコ
In Japan, visitors can enjoy the natural beauty of the four seasons. Of the four seasons, autumn has especially nice weather and is a season when one can taste many delicious foods, making it a great time for sightseeing.
The greatest appeal is the red and yellow autumn leaves of the broadleaf trees. Today we'll be explaining a Japanese custom called "momijigari", which literally means "autumn leaf hunting". The word refers to the occasion when people walk around to admire the beautiful autumn leaves.
The "gari (kari)" of "momijigari" means "hunting". Why do we call the act of admiring the autumn leaves "hunting"?
Originally, "kari" refers to the act of capturing wild beasts, but it came to be used as a word for catching smaller animals and wild birds, and even harvesting plants. There are also Japanese words like "kudamonogari" (fruit hunting) and "shiohigari" (clam hunting).
Over time the word became used for admiring plants, thus the name "momijigari". It is said that nobles who didn't actually hunt went out into the hills and fields to "hunt" for plants.
The Science Behind Autumn Leaves
There are trees with leaves that change colors in the fall and others that don't. The colors of the leaves also vary from yellow to red and orange. The trees that have leaves that change color are called deciduous trees, and lose their leaves in the winter. Examples of deciduous trees are the maple, Japanese beech (buna), and ginkgo (maidenhair tree). Evergreen trees like the cedar and pine tree don't lose their leaves and have the same color throughout the year.
Trees that lose leaves start getting ready to pass the winter by stopping the water supply to their leaves in the fall. The green pigment in leaves are destroyed and the red and yellow colors that were hard to see until then become more visible. The changing of color seems to begin when the morning temperature reaches about 6 to 7 degrees Celsius.
Famous Autumn Leaf Spots In Japan
About 70% of Japan is covered in forests, and various deciduous trees can be found around the country. The difference in temperature in the fall is also very large, creating a perfect environment for beautiful autumn leaves.
There are many famous spots for viewing these autumn leaves throughout Japan. Okutama and Meiji jingu Gaien are famous spots in the Tokyo area. In Kyoto, Arashiyama and Tofukuji Temple are highly popular. At Arashiyama, you can enjoy a magnificent view of the autumn leaves at Hozukyo Gorge from a trolley train.
If you're visiting Japan mid November to early December, we highly recommend you go admire the autumn leaves. We guarantee that "hunting" for these beautiful views will become a great memory of your trip.